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For a long time it was assumed that muscles were only there to enable us to exercise, maintain good posture and look good, but their most important function was hidden from us for a long time. It has been known since the 2000s that muscles are also one of our largest endocrine organs . When they are moved, they emit healing messenger substances that have a positive effect on our entire body.
In other words, in the case of contraction, chemical messengers are secreted which act either directly in the muscle cell (autocrine), between the muscle cells (paracrine) or in other organs (endocrine). These hormone-like messenger substances can be summarized under the term cytokines. They are responsible for the modulation of cell growth, immune defense and inflammatory processes. [2,3] Muscle tissue therefore sends constantly powerful signals to other tissues in our body, which determine well-being and health. In this way they sustainably promote fat burning, improve liver function and make our blood vessels more efficient and stretchy. At the same time, they can prevent diseases such as diabetes, dementia and osteoporosis.
But here comes the crux, not only muscles release these cytokines, but also adipose tissue. The cytokines released by excess fatty tissue can lead to the build-up of even more fatty tissue.
Our decisions in the area of sports, nutrition and sleep therefore have exponential consequences and can clearly swing the needle towards muscle or fat. So the choice is simply made of what you want more and what less.
In this blog, we want to focus on one of the most interesting of these cytokines, interleukin 6:
This is released by the muscle during contraction. The distribution increases exponentially the higher the intensity of the contraction that is performed. (hrm hrm AURUM training;)). This is due to an amplification cascade. That is, when it is ejected trigger 2 molecules 4 and 4 trigger 8 and so on. This is of course a wonderful effect, because the high intensity training with us also exponentially increases the amount of anti-inflammatory substance in the body. Less inflammation in the body is always to be welcomed!
During strength training, Interleukin 6 can increase more than a hundred times. This serves as an explanation of why high intensity strength training brings so much more than the sum of the individual parts (strength and interval training) suggests. Just like the dark matter explains the composition of our universe, the myokines explain the many positive side effects of high intensity strength training.
↑ Hochspringen nach:abTilg H, Moschen AR. Adipocytokines: mediators linking adipose tissue, inflammation and immunity. Nat Rev Immunol. 2006 Oct;6(10):772-83. Epub 2006 Sep 22. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/